呼吸

【急性呼吸窘迫综合征】译文

作者:译者 邵杰 来源:365医学网 日期:2018-03-03
导读

         【Acute respirato ry distress syndrome急性呼吸窘迫综合征】译文

        Respirato ry adj.呼吸的\ˈre-sp(ə-)rə-ˌtȯr-ē\

        Hypoxemia n.低氧血症\ˌhi-ˌpäk-ˈsē-mē-ə\

        Infiltrate n.浸润\in-ˈfil-ˌtrāt , ˈin-(ˌ)fil-\

        Acute respirato ry distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical syndrome of severe dyspnea of rapid onset, hypoxemia, a n d diffuse pulmonary infiltrates leading to respirato ry failure. ARDS is caused by diffuse lung injury from many underlying medical a n d surgical diso rders.

        【译文】

        急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ARDS)是一种发病迅速的严重呼吸困难、低氧血症和弥漫性肺浸润所致呼吸衰竭的临床综合征。ARDS是由许多基础内科与外科疾病所引起的弥漫性肺损伤。选自哈里森内科学第18版

        【医学单词记忆之道】

        1.hypo前缀在…下

        hypoxemia n.低氧血症

        hypothermia n.低体温

        hypoglycemia n.低血糖

        hypotension n.低血压

        hypokalemia n.低血钾

        hypocalcemia n.低钙血症

        hypothyroidism n.甲状腺功能低下

        2.pnea 构词成分呼吸

        apnea n.呼吸暂停

        dyspnea n.呼吸困难

        o rthopnea n.端坐呼吸

        3.常用医学词组

        acute respirato ry distress syndrome 急性呼吸窘迫综合征

        respirato ry failure 呼吸衰竭

        【医学英语延伸阅读】

        Patients who survive ARDS are at high risk fo r cognitive decline, depression, post-traumatic stress diso rder, a n d persistent skeletal-muscle weakness. A much better understa n ding of the biologic a n d genetic underpinnings of the subphenotypes of ARDS should lead the way to mo re targeted therapies. Until then, ICU practices that prevent ARDS, early a n d effective treatment of the insults leading to ARDS, a n d lung-protective ventilation a n d sensible fluid management remain the essential elements fo r good outcomes. 选自新英格兰杂志 Aug,10,2017

分享:

评论

我要跟帖
发表
回复 小鸭梨
发表

copyright©医学论坛网 版权所有,未经许可不得复制、转载或镜像 京ICP证120392号 京公网安备11010502031486号

京卫网审[2013]第0193号

互联网药品信息服务资格证书:(京)-经营性-2012-0005

//站内统计 //百度统计 //站长统计
*我要反馈: 姓    名: 邮    箱: